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Biblical History

Showing 1–50 of 230 results

  • Ahabs House Of Horrors


    Reconciling biblical and extrabiblical history

    The extrabiblical testimony surrounding Israel’s early history is difficult to assess and synthesize. But numerous sources emerging from the ninth century BC onward invite direct comparison with the biblical account. In Ahab’s House of Horrors: A Historiographic Study of the Military Campaigns of the House of Omri, Kyle R. Greenwood and David B. Schreiner examine the historical records of Israel and its neighbors. While Scripture generally gives a bleak depiction of the Omride dynasty, extrabiblical evidence appears to tell another story. Inscriptions and archeological evidence portray a period of Israelite geopolitical influence and cultural sophistication.Rather than simply rejecting one source over another, Greenwood and Schreiner press beyond polarization. They propose a nuanced synthesis by embracing the complex dynamics of ancient history writing and the historical difficulties that surround the Omri dynasty.

    Ahab’s House of Horrors is an important contribution to the ongoing discussion of biblical historiography and, specifically, to our understanding of 1-2 Kings and the Omri family.

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  • Judaism Of The Second Temple Period Volume 1


    David Flusser was a very prolific scholar of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and his contributions to Scrolls research, apocalypticism, and apocalyptic literature are inestimable. With this English translation of many of his essays, Flusser’s insights are now available to a wider audience than ever before.

    Here Flusser examines the influence of apocalypticism on various Jewish sects. He states that the teachings of Jesus, while reflecting first and foremost the views of the sages, were also influenced by Jewish apocalypticism. Examining the Essenes, their effect on Hebrew language, the split of sects, and much more, Flusser’s collected essays offer an important source of study for any Dead Sea Scrolls scholar.

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  • Where Was The Biblical Red Sea


    Where was the Red Sea of Exodus?

    Exodus records that the waters of the Red Sea (or Reed Sea) opened up to deliver Israel and plummeted down to destroy their Egyptian pursuers. But if the Red Sea cannot be located, can we trust the claims of the Bible? Some have suggested relocating the events. Others suggest they never happened at all. In Where Was the Biblical Red Sea? Beitzel challenges popular alternatives and defends the traditional location: that the biblical Red Sea refers to a body of water lying between the eastern Nile Delta and Sinai. Beitzel rigorously reexamines the data–both typical and overlooked–ranging from biblical and classical sources to ancient and medieval maps. His comprehensive analysis answers objections to the traditional view and exposes the inadequacies of popular alternatives. Ancient geography excavates the biblical world and its story. Readers will better understand and appreciate the biblical story as well as its historicity and reliability. Where Was the Biblical Red Sea? is a foundational reference work for any discussion of the Exodus event.

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  • Judaism Of The Second Temple Period Volume 2


    David Flusser was an incredibly prolific scholar of ancient Judaism, and his contributions to Dead Sea Scrolls research and apocalyptic literature are inestimable. This English edition makes more of Flusser’s insightful work available to a wider audience than ever before.

    This second volume in Judaism of the Second Temple Period considers why the Book of Daniel was the only apocalyptic work incorporated in the biblical canon. It further addresses the fact that while it is the only apocalyptic book composed before the destruction of the Second Temple, it nonetheless describes events subsequent to the revelation at Sinai.

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  • Holy Land Handbook


    Visit the Holy Land, wherever you might be!

    The Holy Land Handbook is a beautifully illustrated guide to the history, culture, geography, and key sites of the Bible. This “readable reference” transports you to the land where Abraham, David, and Jesus lived, explaining the what, when, where, and why of their stories–and many, many more.

    The Holy Land Handbook provides details on the history, setting, and importance of more than 130 key locales, including:
    *The Dead Sea
    *The Jordan River
    *The Jezreel Valley
    *And many more

    The Holy Land Handbook also covers the all-important city of Jerusalem with individual entries on spots such as:
    *The Western Wall
    *The Pool of Bethesda
    *The Upper Room
    *Gordon’s Calvary
    *Church of the Holy Sepulchre

    Fully illustrated in color, with helpful maps and intriguing sidebars, The Holy Land Handbook is great prep for those visiting the Middle East–and an equally great read for “armchair travelers” who want to better understand the Bible story.

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  • Exodus Pamphlet : From Passover To The Promised Land


    From the birth of Moses to the Israelites’ wilderness wanderings, the exodus story spans decades and is described in 40 chapters of the Bible. Get a solid overview on the entire exodus story with charts, simple summaries, and full-color illustrations. Trace the Israelites’ exodus from Egypt with a map showing their possible travel route. Explore key events with a detailed timeline and journey deeper in your understanding of God’s plan of redemption.

    See the how the exodus, Passover, and other Old Testament events foreshadowed the coming of Jesus and find fresh perspective on what it means to move from captivity into freedom with the pamphlet’s practical application section. Dig even deeper into the exodus story with Rose Publishing’s The Exodus pamphlet, which features:
    *Archaeological discoveries that help us know when the exodus occurred
    *How the 10 plagues of Egypt challenged the Egyptian idols
    *Full-color map, showing the possible route the Hebrews traveled from Egypt to Mt. Sinai
    *A timeline from the birth of Moses through the 40 years of wilderness wanderings
    *Themes of God’s provision, judgment, and presence with his people as he led them from Egypt to the Promised Land

    Paperback, 14 panels, full-color, laminated glossy pamphlet, 5.5 x 8.5, easily fits into most Bible covers. Perfect for personal and group Bible study, church libraries, discipleship, and much more.

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  • Chronology Of Israels Kings And Prophets Pamphlet


    Easily cover decades of Israel’s history at a glance with this slim line pamphlet packed with side-by-side chapter overviews and charts. This easy-to-read chronology takes you through the books of 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings, and 1 and 2 Chronicles chapter by chapter.

    This pamphlet helps Bible readers keep track of who’s who and what happened when in Israel’s history. Compare the stories of kings such as David and Solomon with the many kings of Israel and Judah, as well the ministries of prophets such as Samuel, Elijah, and Elisha.

    Glossy laminated pamphlet, ultra-slim, 14 panels, 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 inches.

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  • Genesis Of Good And Evil


    For centuries, the Garden of Eden story has been a cornerstone for the Christian doctrine of “the Fall” and “original sin.” In recent years, many scholars have disputed this understanding of Genesis 3 because it has no words for sin, transgression, disobedience, or punishment. Instead, it is about how the human condition came about. Yet the picture is not so simple. The Genesis of Good and Evil examines how the idea of “the Fall” developed in Jewish tradition on the eve of Christianity. In the end, the Garden of Eden is a rich study of humans in relation to God that leaves open many questions. One such question is, Does Genesis 3, 4, and 6, taken together, support the Christian doctrine of original sin? Smith’s well-informed, close reading of these chapters concludes that it does. In this book, he addresses the many mysterious matters of the Garden story and invites readers to explore questions of their own.

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  • Phoebe : A Story


    Sometime around 56 AD, the apostle Paul wrote to the church in Rome. He entrusted this letter to Phoebe, whom he describes as the deacon of the church at Cenchreae and a patron of many. But who was this remarkable woman?

    Biblical scholar and popular author and speaker Paula Gooder imagines Phoebe’s story?who she was, the life she lived, and her first-century faith?and in doing so opens up Paul’s world, giving a sense of the cultural and historical pressures that shaped his thinking and the faith of the early church. Rigorously researched, this is a book for anyone who wants to engage more deeply and imaginatively with Paul’s theology.

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  • Introducing Jesus : A Short Guide To The Gospels History And Message


    To Christians worldwide, the man Jesus of Nazareth is the centerpiece of history, the object of faith, hope, and worship. Even those who do not follow him admit the vast influence of his life. For anyone interested in knowing more about Jesus, study of the four biblical Gospels is essential.

    An abridged edition of the bestselling textbook Four Portraits, One Jesus by Mark Strauss, this simple, easy-to-understand guide introduces the four biblical Gospels and their subject, the life and person of Jesus.

    Like different artists rendering the same subject using different styles and points of view, the Gospels paint four distinctive portraits of the same remarkable Jesus. With clarity and insight, Mark Strauss addresses questions that surround the study of Jesus and the Gospels. What are the Gospels – are they history, theology, biography? Where did they come from? What do we know about their context? What does each Gospel uniquely teach us about Jesus? Finally, he pulls it all together illuminating what the Gospels together teach about Jesus’ ministry, message, death, and resurrection, and how do we know we can trust their witness.

    Including questions at the end of each chapter for group discussion or personal reflection, Introducing Jesus makes the words, history, and context of the Gospels come alive for readers.

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  • Lost World Of The Flood (Student/Study Guide)


    “The flood continued forty days on the earth; and the waters increased, and bore up the ark, and it rose high above the earth . . . and the ark floated on the face of the waters” (Gen 6:17-18 NRSV).

    In our modern age the Genesis flood account has been probed and analyzed for answers to scientific, apologetic, and historical questions. It is a text that has called forth flood geology, fueled searches for remnants of the ark on Mount Ararat, and inspired a full-size replica of Noah’s ark in a biblical theme park. Some claim that the very veracity of Scripture hinges on a particular reading of the flood narrative. But do we understand what we are reading?

    Longman and Walton urge us to hit the pause button and ask, what might the biblical author have been saying to his ancient audience? The answer to our quest to rediscover the biblical flood requires that we set aside our own cultural and interpretive assumptions and visit the distant world of the ancient Near East. Responsible interpretation calls for the patient examination of the text within its ancient context of language, literature, and thought structures. And as we return from that lost world to our own, we will need to ask whether geological science supports the notion of flood geology.

    The story of Noah and the flood will continue to invite questions and explorations. But to read Longman and Walton is put our feet on firmer interpretive ground. Without attempting to answer all of our questions, they lift the fog of modernity and allow the sunlight to reveal the true contours of the text. As with other books in the Lost World series, The Lost World of the Flood is an informative and enlightening journey toward a more responsible reading of a timeless biblical narrative.

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  • Christianity At The Crossroads


    Christianity in the twenty-first century is a global phenomenon. But in the second century, its future was not at all certain.

    Initially Christianity possessed little social or cultural influence and found itself fighting for its life. While apostolic tradition was emerging as a “rule of faith,” factions contested the nature of the gospel, and pagan philosophers found its claims scandalous. And while its pathway was tenuous, Christianity was forming structures of leadership and worship, and a core of apostolic texts was emerging as authoritative. But it was the challenges, obstacles, and transitions faced by Christians in the second century that, in many ways, would determine the future of the church for the next two millennia. It was a time when Christianity stood at a crossroads.

    Michael Kruger’s introductory survey examines how Christianity took root in the second century, how it battled to stay true to the vision of the apostles, and how it developed in ways that would shape both the church and Western culture over the next two thousand years. Christianity at the Crossroads provides an accessible and informative look at the complex and foundational issues faced by an infant church still trying to determine its identity. The church’s response to the issues of heresy and orthodoxy, the development of the canon, and the transmission of the Christian Scriptures not only determined its survival, but determined the kind of church it would be for generations to come.

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  • Complete Illustrated Childrens Bible Atlas


    Help Your Child Explore the Wide World of the Bible Based on the bestselling title, The Complete Illustrated Children’s Bible (over 140,000 sold), comes this amazing atlas that will help your child, age 9-12, learn more about the people, places, and events they encounter when reading the Bible. Packed with hundreds of colorful pictures, detailed maps, and fun facts, your child will gain a greater understanding of God’s Word and be better able to visualize what they are reading, a key component in retaining the information they are studying. Spark your child’s interest in the Bible as they study maps, such as:
    *Jesus’ life
    *Paul’s Missionary Travels
    *The Babylonian Empire
    *Abraham’s Journeys
    *Moses and the Exodus

    The Complete Illustrated Children’s Bible Atlas is a fun and creative way for your child to engage with God’s Word and makes a great companion to The Complete Illustrated Children’s Bible.

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  • Recovering Lost Treasure


    God used symbolic patterns in the Bible to communicate His truth and plans for humanity. Th ese little-known patterns in the Bible have continued through time and spread around the world. Th is exploration of myths, symbols, and rituals shows how they are all related and reveals what the patterns show about God’s plan through Christ.
    Dr. Eric Odell-Hein brings a unique approach to understanding biblical symbolism, backed by academic expertise and biblical orthodoxy. Personal stories illustrate each point.

    – The universal pattern to religious symbolism
    – How the Bible points to Christ through use of this pattern
    – How Christ is the superior, literal fulfillment of all mythical patterns.

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  • Hitting The Holy Road


    In the face of climate change and other environmental trends, it is easy to be pessimistic about the future. Philosophers, film-makers, environmentalists, politicians and even senior scientists increasingly resort to apocalyptic rhetoric to warn us that a so-called “perfect storm’ of factors are coming together in a way that threatens the future of life on earth. Do these dire predictions amount to nothing more than ideological scaremongering, perhaps hyped-up for political or personal ends? Or are there good reasons for thinking that we may indeed be facing a crisis unprecedented in its scale and in the severity of its effects?Jonathan Moo and Robert White encourage us to assess the evidence for ourselves. Their own conclusion is that there is in fact plenty of cause for concern. Climate change, they suggest, is potentially the most far-reaching threat that our planet faces in the coming decades, but only the most publicized. There is a wide range of much more obvious, interrelated and damaging impacts that an ever-growing number of people, consuming more and more, are having on the planet upon which we all depend.Yet if the Christian gospel fundamentally reorientates us in our relationship with God and his world, then there ought to be something radically distinctive about our attitude and approach to such threats. Moo and White therefore reflect on just what difference the Bible’s vision of the future of all of creation makes to how we live now and respond to the challenges facing life on earth.

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  • Book Of Enoch


    The Book of Enoch is an invaluable resource for all who are interested in the origins of Christianity. It was known and used by the earliest churches and sheds light on many concepts found in the New Testament, such as demonology, future judgment, the Messiah and the Messianic Kingdom, the title ‘Son of Man’ and the resurrection.

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  • Lost World Of The Israelite Conquest


    Perhaps no Old Testament episode is more troubling than the conquest of Canaan. “Destroy everything” is the byword of holy war. This is genocide. Or is it? Do we too quickly set a contemporary overlay on these ancient texts? This book takes us into the lost world of these texts, recalibrates our understanding and reshapes our conversations.

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  • Path Of Christianity


    24 Chapters

    Additional Info
    John Anthony McGuckin, one of the world’s leading scholars of ancient Christianity, has synthesized a lifetime of work to produce the most comprehensive and accessible history of the Christian movement during its first thousand years. The Path of Christianity takes readers on a journey from the period immediately after the composition of the Gospels, through the building of the earliest Christian structures in polity and doctrine, to the dawning of the medieval Christian establishment. McGuckin explores Eastern and Western developments simultaneously, covering grand intellectual movements and local affairs in both epic scope and fine detail. The Path of Christianity is divided into two parts of twelve chapters each. Part one treats the first millennium of Christianity in linear sequence, from the second to the eleventh centuries. In addition to covering key theologians and conciliar decisions, McGuckin surveys topics like Christian persecution, early monasticism, the global scope of ancient Christianity, and the formation of Christian liturgy. Part two examines key themes and ideas, including biblical interpretation, war and violence, hymnography, the role of women, attitudes to wealth, and early Christian views about slavery and sexuality. McGuckin gives the reader a sense of the real condition of early Christian life, not simply what the literate few had to say. Written for student and scholar alike, The Path of Christianity is a lively, readable, and masterful account of ancient Christian history, destined to be the standard for years to come.

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  • Rebuilding The Foundations


    In this unique volume, father-and-son team Walter and John Brueggemann take a close look at our fractured American society and suggest ways for improvement. Using six themes identified by some scholars as the moral foundations of society-care, fairness, liberty, loyalty, authority, and sanctity-they examine the unsustainable patterns of our contemporary society and reveal how those patterns played out in the ancient world of the Old Testament. Brueggemann and Brueggemann demonstrate how comparing the current state of these moral foundations with what God wanted them to be can help us better respond to the challenges of today. They assert that achieving any significant change will require the work of all of us and will be grounded in a vision of neighborliness. Rebuilding the Foundations will inspire readers to reorient toward a better way of living, both for themselves and for all living things.

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  • Execution Of Jesus The Christ


    For seventy years, we have been taught that Jesus died on the cross from asphyxiation (strangulation) because in the hanging position he was unable to exhale. This theory is not based on sound science. This book explains the medical cause of Jesus’s death and why even Pilate was surprised how soon Jesus had died. The dramatic changes that took place in Jesus’s body from the Last Supper until death are described in layman’s terms. To add to the injustice, Jesus’s condemnation to death was illegal under the Jewish law of his time–a fact supported by a review of the political and religious dynamics.

    Profits from the sale of this book are being donated to organizations that support the Christian presence in the Holy Land.

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  • Tenderness Of God


    A Few Words About My Approach
    1. Becoming A Pilgrim People: Journeying Together
    2. Disruption And The Need For Connection: Searching For Meaning
    3. Touched By Tenderness: Encountering God
    4. The Revolution Of Tenderness: Practicing Misericordia And Communio
    5. The Ground Of Our Belonging
    6. The Invitation
    ?Epilogue: Let The Revolution Begin!

    Additional Info
    At moments in history, individuals have embodied the gospel message with creativity and passion. One such moment began when a returned veteran named Francis Bernardone found a whole new world in a desolate space just outside Assisi: a leper colony. Drawn to discover the incarnate God, and joined by a collaborator as able and determined as he, Francis and Clare of Assisi’s desire to live authentically in gospel simplicity ushered in a revolutionary sensitivity to the presence of God within the human community.

    Today, eight hundred years later, the first pope to take the name Francis invites us to engage the “revolution of tenderness” to which we are “summoned by the God who became flesh.” The example of Pope Francis gives us a new and vivid sense of just how compelling radical sincerity and reverent encounter with others can be. Capitalizing on the legacy of Francis and Clare and the energy of a visionary pope who raises critical questions about how to be faithful to the gospel, The Tenderness of God invites readers into a rich conversation across time and space about how to recapture our humanity and nurture our God-given capacity to live meaningfully and joyfully in communion with others.

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  • Early Christianity In Pompeian Light


    Editor’s Preface

    Envisioning Situations
    1. Growing Up Female In The Pauline Churches-Carolyn Osiek
    2. Nine Types Of Church In Nine Types Of Space In The Insula Of The Menander-Peter Oakes
    3. The Empress, The Goddess, And The Earthquake-Bruce W. Longenecker

    Enhancing Texts
    4. Powers And Protection In Pompeii And Paul-Natalie R. Webb
    5. Violence In Pompeiian/Roman Domestic Art As A Visual Context For Pauline And Deutero-Pauline Letters-David L. Balch
    6. Spheres And Trajectories-Jeremiah N. Bailey


    Additional Info
    Scholars of early Christianity are awakening to the potential of Pompeii’s treasures for casting light on the settings and situations that were commonplace and conventional for the first urban Christians. The uncovered world of Pompeii, destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 C.E., allows us to peer back in time, capturing a heightened sense of what life was like on the ground in the first century – the very time when the early Jesus-movement was beginning to find its feet. In light of the Vesuvian material remains, historians are beginning to ask fresh questions of early Christian texts and perceive new contours, nuances, and subtleties within the situations those texts address.

    The essays of this book explore different dimensions of Pompeii’s potential to refine our lenses for interpreting the texts and situations of early Christianity. The contributors to this book (including Carolyn Osiek, David Balch, Peter Oakes, Bruce Longenecker, and others) demonstrate that it is an exciting time to explore the interface between the Vesuvian contexts and the early Jesus-movement.

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  • Acts Of The Apostles



    1. Who Wrote Acts?
    Who Was Luke?
    How Important Is The Identity Of The Author To Interpret Acts?

    2. The Genre Of Acts
    A Brief History Of Genre Theory
    Proposals On The Genre Of Acts
    Conclusion-Acts As Historical Monograph: How Does It Help?

    3. How Luke Writes History
    Luke The Theological Historian
    Luke The Storyteller
    Luke The Historian

    4. The Speeches In Acts (Part One): The Speeches In Their Ancient Context
    The Reporting Of Speeches In Ancient History
    Luke As A Conservative Reporter Of Speeches
    Conclusion: Believing The Speeches

    5. The Speeches (Part Two): The Theology Of The Speeches
    The Speech Of Peter At Pentecost (Acts 2:1-41)
    The Speech Of Stephen (Acts 7:1-53)
    The Speech At The Home Of Cornelius (Acts 10:34-48)
    The Speech At Athens (Acts 17:16-31)
    The Speech Before Agrippa (Acts 26:1-32)
    Summary And Conclusions

    6. The Justification Of Truth-Claims In Acts: A Conversation With Postliberalism
    Postliberalism: A Sketch
    Postliberalism And The Question Of Truth-Claims
    The Justification Of Truth-Claims In Acts

    Author Index
    Subject Index
    Scripture Index

    Additional Info
    The book of Acts is a remarkable fusion of the historical and theological, and its account of the early church has fascinated theologians and biblical scholars for centuries. Just who was the author of this work? And what kind of book did he write? How do we classify its genre? The Acts of the Apostles provides an advanced introduction to the study of Acts, covering important questions about authorship, genre, history and theology. Osvaldo Padilla explores fresh avenues of understanding by examining the text in light of the most recent research on the book of Acts itself, philosophical hermeneutics, genre theory and historiography. In addition, Padilla opens a conversation between the text of Acts and postliberal theology, seeking a fully-orbed engagement with Acts that is equally attuned to questions of interpretation, history and theology.

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  • Creation : The Apple Of Gods Eye


    How and why God loves us-God’s good creation This book will talk about the doctrine of creation and invite us to look closely at who God is and who we are in relationship with God. As people of faith, we believe that our gracious God created all there is, but does that also mean that God also created evil? How does creation jive with what scientists are telling us about the origin of the universe? What does the doctrine of creation tell us about what we call “the creation,” that is, the world, its value, purpose, etc? How does understanding the world as God’s creation teach us about our role in creation care? The Bible tells us that God created the heavens and earth, but does that deny the science of the Big Bang? What does believing that God is the Creator say about how God loves, redeems, and sustains us today or does creation say something only about the past? What about the “new creation”? Does this have anything to do with the old creation? Does it mean simply that God is so tired of the rebelliousness of creation that it seems best to erase the present one and start anew? Or is there a connection between the two? What does the doctrine of creation say about us? Aren’t we created in God’s image and aren’t we part of the good creation of a loving God? If so, why is there evil and rebelliousness in us? Where does our ill-will, our desire to do evil, come from? Is there freedom of the will or are all things preordained by God? Just how detailed is God’s plan for us? While no one author can deal with all these questions, this book will help us begin the conversation and gain new understanding of how the doctrine of creation can help us address these very human and timeless questions. Series Description: Belief Matters: How to Love God with Your Mind is a series of books written by widely recognized authors who will help readers think more clearly about their faith and better understand their beliefs, so that they can live more faithfully. These books will also help readers become aware of thoughtful resources and conceptual frames of reference that not only will deepen their faith, but also help them better understand what we say and do in Church. Conversational in tone, these books are reflections on major theological topics and are suitable for a 4-session individual or group study. The intent of the series is to help readers feel as though they are sitting, having coffee as authors share their “take” and show that by thinking more clearly about the

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  • Biblical History Of Israel (Revised)


    For over a decade, A Biblical History of Israel has gathered praise and criticism for its unapologetic approach to reconstructing the historical landscape of ancient Israel through a biblical lens. In this much-anticipated second edition, the authors reassert that the Old Testament should be taken seriously as a historical document alongside other literary and archaeological sources.

    Significantly revised and updated, A Biblical History of Israel, Second Edition includes the authors’ direct response to critics. In part 1, the authors review scholarly approaches to the historiography of ancient Israel and negate arguments against using the Bible as a primary source. In part 2, they outline a history of ancient Israel from 2000 to 400 BCE by integrating both biblical and extra-biblical sources. The second edition includes updated archaeological data and new references. The text also provides four maps and fourteen tables as useful references for students.

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  • Letters Of Paul


    This is the sixth edition of the classic textbook that has been introducing Paul and his writing to seminary and undergraduate students for over forty years. Roetzel provides a comprehensive look at Paul in light of recent scholarship and theological understandings of Paul. This new edition includes four brand-new sections on the following: the chronology of Paul’s letters; Paul’s concept of “law” in the context of messianic expectation; the religious and political contexts in which Paul’s letters were written; and Jewish understandings of Gentiles and Paul’s mission to include them among the elect of God. This long-established textbook is the ideal choice for any student of Paul.

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  • Jewish Pseudepigrapha : An Introduction To The Literature Of The Second Tem


    1. Introduction
    2. Rewritten Bible
    3. Para-Biblical Literature Or Biblical Expansions
    4. Non-Narrative Literature: Poems, Hymns And Drama
    5. Testaments
    6. Apocalyptic Literature
    7. Conclusions

    Additional Info
    Designed with the beginning student in mind, this volume introduces the reader to the books that did not make it into the Bible or the Apocrypha but that remained popular among Jews and early Christians for centuries. These writings take various forms, such as novels, poems, apocalypses, the fictional deathbed speeches of biblical characters, and even attempts to rewrite well-known parts of Scripture. The book draws out the main religious ideas of these writings and links them to both their original historical setting and to issues of concern today.

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  • Sacred Economy Of Ancient Israel


    The Sacred Economy of Ancient Israel offers a new reconstruction of the economic context of the Bible and of ancient Israel. It argues that the key to ancient economies is with those who worked on the land rather than in intermittent and relatively weak kingdoms and empires. Drawing on sophisticated economic theory (especially the Regulation School) and textual and archaeological resources, Roland Boer makes it clear that economic “crisis” was the norm and that economics is always socially determined. He examines three economic layers: the building blocks (five institutional forms), periods of relative stability (three regimes), and the overarching mode of production. Ultimately, the most resilient of all the regimes was subsistence survival, for which the regular collapse of kingdoms and empires was a blessing rather than a curse. Students will come away with a clear understanding of the dynamics of the economy of ancient Israel. Boer’s volume should become a new benchmark for future studies.

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  • What Every Christian Needs To Know About Passover


    Understand the Last Supper Jesus shared with his disciples and its ancient roots in the Jewish Passover, and discover what it can mean to a Christian celebration of Communion and Easter today.

    The Passover was celebrated by Jesus and the disciples the last time they were together. Now popular speaker and writer Rabbi Evan Moffic brings an understanding to the Last Supper that will forever change how Christians celebrate Communion and prepare for Easter. Beginning with the Hebrew Bible and Jewish history, Rabbi Moffic shows how these inform the roots of Christianity as he weaves together history, theology, Jewish practice and observances. Then he provides the background and resources for Christians seeking to experience an authentic Jewish Passover Seder and integrate it into their own preparation for Easter. Rabbi Moffic brings an informed and ancient perspective, explaining and bringing to life the source of so many of our modern Christian practices.

    By exploring and explaining the ritual and story surrounding the Jewish Passover, Rabbi Moffic shares with Christians the wisdom and inspiration of the Hebrew Bible-what Christians call the Old Testament-in a way that increases appreciation and understanding of the culture in which Jesus lived and taught. For contemporary Christians desiring to enrich their understanding of the faith they practice today, this book offers deeper understanding of their spiritual heritage shared with Judaism.

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  • Gospel On The Margins


    Scholars of the Gospel of Mark usually discuss the merits of patristic references to the Gospel’s origin and Mark’s identity as the “interpreter” of Peter. But while the question of the Gospel’s historical origins draws attention, no one has asked why, despite virtually unanimous patristic association of the Gospel with Peter, one of the most prestigious apostolic founding figures in Christian memory, Mark’s Gospel was mostly neglected by those same writers. Not only is the text of Mark the least represented of the canonical Gospels in patristic citations, commentaries, and manuscripts, but the explicit comments about the Evangelist reveal ambivalence about Mark’s literary or theological value. Michael J. Kok surveys the second-century reception of Mark, from Papias of Hierapolis to Clement of Alexandria, and finds that the patristic writers were hesitant to embrace Mark because they perceived it to be too easily adapted to rival Christian factions. Kok describes the story of Mark’s Petrine origins as a second-century move to assert ownership of the Gospel on the part of the emerging Orthodox Church.

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  • From The Maccabees To The Mishnah (Revised)


    This is the third edition of Shaye J. D. Cohen’s important and seminal work on the history and development of Judaism between 164 BCE to 300 CE. Cohen’s synthesis of religion, literature, and history offers deep insight into the nature of Judaism at this key period, including the relationship between Jews and Gentiles, the function of Jewish religion in the larger community, and the development of normative Judaism and other Jewish sects. Cohen offers students more than just history, but an understanding of the social and cultural context of Judaism as it developed into the formative period of rabbinic Judaism. This new edition includes a brand-new chapter on the parting of ways between Jews and Christians in the second century CE. From the Maccabees to the Mishnah remains the clearest introduction to the era that shaped Judaism and provided the context for early Christianity.

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  • Galilee In The Late Second Temple And Mishnaic Periods Volume 1


    1. Introduction-David A. Fiensy And James Riley Strange
    2. Galilee And The Historical Jesus In Recent Research-Roland Deines
    3. The Political History In Galilee From The 1st Century Bce To The End Of The 2nd Century Ce-Morten Hrning Jensen
    4. Religious Practices And Religious Movements In Galilee: 100 Bce-200 Ce- Roland Deines
    5. The Ethnicities Of Galilee-Mark Chancey
    6. The Synagogues Of Galilee-Lee I. Levine
    7. Notable Galilean Persons-Scott Caulley
    8. Social Movements In Galilee-Richard Horsley
    9. The Galilean Village In The Late Second Temple And Mishnaic Periods-David A. Fiensy
    10. Household Judaism In Galilee-Andrea Berlin
    11. The Galilean House In The Late Second Temple And Mishnaic Periods-David A. Fiensy
    12. Mortality, Morbidity, And Economics In Jesus’ Galilee-Jonathan Reed
    13. Education/Literacy In Jewish Galilee: Was There Any And At What Level?-John C. Poirier
    14. The Galilean Road System-James F. Strange
    15. Urbanization And Industry In Mishnaic Galilee-Ze’ev Safrai
    16. Never The Two Shall Meet? Urban-Rural Interaction In Lower Galilee-Agnes Choi
    17. Inner Village Life In Galilee: A Diverse And Complex Phenomenon-Sharon Lea Mattila
    18. Debate: Was The Galilean Economy Oppressive Or Prosperous-Doug Oakman And Andrew Overman
    19. Taxation And Other Sources Of Government Income In The Galilee Of Herod And Antipas-Fabian Udoh
    Index Of Primary Sources

    Additional Info
    Drawing on the expertise of archaeologists, historians, biblical scholars, and social-science interpreters who have devoted a significant amount of time and energy in the research of ancient Galilee, this accessible volume includes modern general studies of Galilee and of Galilean history, as well as specialized studies on taxation, ethnicity, religious practices, road systems, trade and markets, education, health, village life, houses, and the urban-rural divide.

    This resource includes a rich selection of images, figures, charts, and maps.

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  • Hidden Riches : A Sourcebook For The Comparative Study Of The Hebrew Bible


    This study considers the historical, cultural, and literary significance of some of the most important Ancient Near East (ANE) texts that illuminate the Hebrew Bible. Christopher B. Hays provides primary texts from the Ancient Near East with a comparison to literature of the Hebrew Bible to demonstrate how Israel’s Scriptures not only draw from these ancient contexts but also reshape them in a unique way.

    Hays offers a brief introduction to comparative studies, then lays out examples from various literary genres that shed light on particular biblical texts. Texts about ANE law collections, treaties, theological histories, prophecies, ritual texts, oracles, prayers, hymns, laments, edicts, and instructions are compared to corresponding literature in the Pentateuch, Prophets, and Writings of the Hebrew Bible. The book includes summaries to help instructors and students identify key points for comparison. By considering the literary and historical context of other literature, students will come away with a better understanding of the historical, literary, and theological depth of the Hebrew Bible.

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  • Authors Of The Deuteronomistic History


    Part 1: The Deuteronomistic History: An Introduction To Issues Of Authorship, Date, And Influences
    1: The Deuteronomistic History Since Martin Noth
    2: The Deuteronomist(s) According To Noth: An Assessment
    3: Deuteronomy As The Linchpin To The Deuteronomistic History
    4: Grammatical Constructions Showing Later Editing In The Deuteronomistic History
    Part 2: An Analysis Of The Texts
    5: The Editing Of The Book Of Deuteronomy
    6: The Editing Of The Book Of Joshua
    7: The Book Of Judges: An Apology For Kingship
    8: 1 Samuel: History Vs. Polemic
    9: 2 Samuel: The Apology Continues: David’s Fall From Grace
    10: 1 And 2 Kings
    11: Conclusions
    Appendix: Character Parallels Between Saul, Ishbosheth, And The Judges

    Additional Info
    Peterson engages one of the most enduring controversies in current critical scholarship on the Hebrew Bible, the identities and provenances of the authors of the various “editions” of the Deuteronomistic History. Critically reviewing the presuppositions of scholars reaching back to Martin Noth, and using careful analysis of motif and characterization at each redactional level in each book of the Deuteronomistic History, Peterson asks where we might locate a figure with both motive and opportunity to draw up a proto-narrative including elements of Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and the first part of 1 Kings.

    Posing his questions in the form of a “Whodunit?” Peterson identifies a particular candidate in the time of David who had both knowledge and a theological and political agenda, qualified to write the first edition. He then extends the method to identify the particular circle who became the custodians of the Deuteronomistic narrative and supplies successive redactions, informed by the original formative vision, down to the time of Jeremiah. Careful argumentation yields surprising results at each stage.

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  • America Isaiah Is Warning


    New revelation of astonishing magnitude that you need now! America’s destiny has passed the point of no return and is on a collision course with God’s judgment. God declared AMERICA’S judgment 2,500 years ago, long before nationhood. Isaiah’s prophecy remained hidden in misunderstanding, until now. In these pages, his message is clearly spoken for the people to whom it was originally addressed: the generation of AMERICANS alive today. A repeated, meddling national policy — NOT society’s debauchery, moral decay or abortion –brings upon the USA God’s solemn judgment. Consecutive, escalating warnings were ignored by leaders; Never connecting them to their cause. The sentence has been declared: Execution follows — a judgment of terror and death. Only a remnant survives — in the end, certain Christians are missing. Prepare yourself: God told Isaiah of the event and showed him a chilling vision of the rest. You will learn: * America’s egregious error. * The 21 years of warnings US leaders repeatedly ignored. * Specific details of the timing. * Graphic horror of the aftermath. * God’s secret escape plan. * Identity of those who go into the millennium. Jaw dropping revelations race through these pages like a raging wildfire. This astonishing account of America’s very near future is packed with crucial events that impact everyone alive. God has the world watching the event live!!! The EVENT is a sea change for the WORLD. A MUST READ for everyone!!! A message so impactful you will reread it. Time is of the essence!

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  • History Of Christian Thought In One Volume (Revised)


    In this revised and updated version of his popular history, Justo Gonzalez retains the essential elements of his earlier three volumes as he describes the central figures and debates leading to the Councils of Nicea and Chalcedon. Then he moves to Augustine and shows how Christianity evolved and was understood in the Latin West and Byzantine East during the Middle Ages. Finally, he introduces the towering theological leaders of the Reformation and continues to trace the development of Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox Christianities through modernity in the twentieth century to postmodernity in the twenty-first.

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  • History Of Christian Thought (Revised)


    An introduction to Christian thought from the birth of Christ, to the Apostles, to the early church, to the flowering of Christianity across the world.This volume, condensed from Dr. Justo Gonzalez’s popular three-volume history, is revised and updated.

    While retaining the essential elements of the earlier three volumes, this book describes the central figures and debates leading to the Councils of Nicea and Chalcedon. Then it moves to Augustine and shows how Christianity evolved and was understood in the Latin West and Byzantine East during the Middle Ages.

    Finally, the book introduces the towering theological leaders of the Reformation and continues to trance the development of Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox Christianities through modernity in the twentieth century to post-modernity in the twenty-first.

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  • Abingdon Introduction To The Bible


    This comprehensive introduction launches beginners into the world of biblical studies.The Bible has profoundly influenced the western world. Many of its characters and stories are well known and yet, oddly enough, wide swaths of the Bible are unknown and misunderstood. The laws and teaching contained within it have shaped contemporary thinking in ways many do not realize. Equally important, two of the world’s largest religions-Judaism and Christianity-consider the Hebrew Bible to be sacred and to contain enduring truths about beginnings and creation, life and death, the world, and what it means to be human.

    This comprehensive introduction launches beginners into the world of biblical studies with clarity and precision. The authors give an overview of each book of the Bible with a brief discussion of relevant controversies and debates. Jewish and Christian (Protestant and Roman Catholic) views are compared and contrasted, while simultaneously illustrating the importance of the Bible for religion, western jurisprudence, ethics, and contemporary conceptions of the family, morality, and even politics. With illustrations and charts, this a text that is both student and teacher friendly.

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  • Encyclopedia Of Ancient Christianity 1-3


    Preface To The Second English Edition
    Preface To The Second Italian Edition (2006)
    Preface To The First Italian Edition (1983)
    A Note On Using The Encyclopedia
    List Of Contributors
    Biblical Abbreviations
    Bibliographical Abbreviations
    Volume 1 Entries A-E
    Volume 2 Entries F-O
    Volume 3 Entries P-Z

    Additional Info
    This 3-volume encyclopedia, produced by the Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum, comprises 3,220 entries by a team of 266 scholars from 26 countries, covering 8 centuries of the Christian church and addressing such topics as archaeology, art and architecture, biography, culture, doctrine, ecclesiology, geography, history, philosophy, and theology. The Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity includes: Unparalleled, comprehensive coverage of persons, places and ideas from ancient Christianity, including:cultural currentsevents and movementsphilosophyiconography and architecturearchaeologytexts and translations theological terms doctrines liturgy spirituality monasticism Christian sects heresies controversies councils A-Z coverage from “Aaron (iconography)” to “Zosimus, pope”3,220 articles by 266 contributors from 26 countries (and representing a variety of Christian traditionsChronological coverage extending from Christian origins to Bede (d. 735) in the West and John of Damascus (d. ca. 749) in the Greek EastDetailed emphasis on the first 4 centuries of Christian historyGeographical coverage includingNorth AfricaMauretaniaNumidiaAfrica Proconsularis ByzacenaLibyaEgyptNubiaEthiopiaAsiaAdiabeneArmeniaBithynia & PontusGeorgiaCappadociaLycia and PamphyliaPhrygiaSyriaMesopotamiaArabiaPalestinePersiaChinaEuropeGaulSpain & PortugalItalyGermanyBritain and IrelandScotlandPannoniaDalmatiaMacedoniaMoesiaThraceCyprusCreteUpdates and expands on previous Italian and English-language editions with the addition of more than 500 articles, including the following 30 articles exclusive to this new English-language edition:apostolic seeCapuaCarmen de synodo TicinensiChinacosmopolitanismdeathdiakonia/diaconateDialogi de sancta Trinitate IV-Vdoorkeeper (porter)dynamis/energeiaeternityforgivenessfreedom/free willgoodHierotheusincubatioinfinity/infinitudelibelli miraculorumloveMara bar Serapion (letter of)oikeiosisold agepresanctifiedSerapeion (Serapeum)subdeaconTheosebiaTriumphus Christi heroicusTychonunityVirgo ParensExtensive cross-referencing for ease in exploring related articlesHelpful bibliographies, including primary sources (texts, critical editions, translations) and key secondary sources (books and journal articles)Translated from Nuovo dizionario patristico e di antichita cristiane (2006-2008), produced by the Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum, the world’s foremost center for partristic studies, under the direction of Professor Angelo Di BerardinoUpdates and expand

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  • Witnessing In The 21st Century


    In this extremely relevant work, Dr. Perez relates the state of evangelism in today’s Church to that of the first century Christians. He includes a concise yet thorough history of Christianity’s first 400 years or so as an example of the changes and challenges facing present-day believers. He goes on to describe the beginnings of secular humanism and its far-ranging, increasing, and heartbreaking influence around the world today. The most significant element of this manuscript is that it is not another preach-the-gospel-into-the-world exhortation; it is instead a call to something much more challenging: the (often, and apparently inaccurately, attributed to St. Francis) advice to “Preach the gospel, and if necessary, use words.” This is not to say Dr. Perez is in any way minimizing the necessity to proclaim the name of Jesus. Rather, he rightly asserts that “Evangelism, or the spreading of the ‘good news,’ begins with you, the individual.” Even more critical is the declaration that salvation is not a doctrine but a Person.

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  • Christ : The Miracle Worker In Early Christian Art


    1. Introduction
    2. Healing, Miracle, And Magic In Non-Christian Sources
    3. Healing And Miracles In Early Christian Writings
    4. Images Of Christ Healing
    5. Images Of Christ Rasing The Dead
    6. The Nature Miracles Of Christ
    7. The Staff Of Jesus
    8. Conclusion
    Appendix Of Images

    Additional Info
    Artistic representations were of significant value to early Christian communities. In Christ the Miracle Worker in Early Christian Art, Lee Jefferson argues that images provided visual representations of vital religious and theological truths crucial to the faithful and projected concepts beyond the limitations of the written and spoken word. Images of Christ performing miracles or healings functioned as advertisements for Christianity and illustrated the nature of Christ. Using these images of Christ, Jefferson examines the power of art, its role in fostering devotion, and the deep connection between art and its elucidation of pivotal theological claims.

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  • Our First 10 Days


    First: Time with Jesus — Then: He was gone — Now: “Tarry, wait!”

    “Why are we here?” asked my mother’s brother, moving from the philosophical to the practical.

    “We are here,” replied one of the followers, “because he said that we should wait.”

    There was then an outbreak of questions…

    For 40 days, the risen Christ had remained among his disciples, and then, leaving them, he gave instruction that they wait together in Jerusalem. “Wait,” he said, but why? The word was an enigma; what had Jesus intended? Whatever the meaning, the disciples would obey; they would wait.

    Choosing, we believe, to gather at the Upper Room, for ten days and nights, they waited but surely not in idleness. Together, they would wrestle with momentous questions.

    For 75 years, Leonard Mann has contemplated those people in that situation, their struggle to understand Jesus and his meaning in the world.

    A plausible journey in doubting and believing, Our First Ten Days is a marvelously crafted story that invites the reader to visualize events and conversations at the Upper Room during that time. It was here that the church was born, that the foundations of Christian Faith were chiseled and laid.

    If we allow ourselves to imagine the thoughts and words of those long uncertain hours, we will find ourselves submerged in a powerful narrative that boldly and creatively walks us through the opening chapter of this Faith.

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  • Secret Scriptures Revealed


    Clear, evenhanded overview of a group of significant, imaginative ancient writings

    The Christian Apocrypha burst into the public consciousness in 2003, following the publication of The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown. Interest in the wide assortment of texts not included in the Bible has remained strong ever since. Although much has been written and said on the subject, misunderstandings still abound.

    Tony Burke’s Secret Scriptures Revealed dismantles the many myths and misconceptions about the Christian Apocrypha and straightforwardly answers common questions like these:
    *Where did the apocryphal texts come from and who wrote them?
    *Why were they not included in the Bible?
    *Is reading these texts harmful to personal faith?

    The book describes and explains numerous fascinating apocryphal stories, including many that are not well known. Instead of dismissing or smearing the Christian Apocrypha, Burke shows how these texts can help us better understand early Christian communities and the canonical Bible.

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  • Dead Sea Scrolls


    Contains new information about unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls with translations of key passages and recent discovery of the movement behind the Scrolls in their own words. See In 1947, a Bedouin shepherd stumbled upon a cave near the Dead Sea, a settlement now called Qumran, to the east of Jerusalem. This cave, along with the others located nearby, contained jars holding hundreds of scrolls and fragments of scrolls of texts both biblical and nonbiblical-in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. The biblical scrolls would be the earliest evidence of the Hebrew Scriptures by hundreds of years; and the nonbiblical texts would shed dramatic light on one of the least-known periods of Jewish history. This find is the most important archaeological event in two thousand years of biblical studies. Online supplement, with indexes, discussion questions, Dead Sea Scrolls websites, and links to study tools, electronic resources, and photographs:

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  • How Israel Became A People


    How did Israel become a people? Is the biblical story accurate? In what sense, if any, is the biblical story true? Are the origins of these ancient people lost in myth or is there hope to discovering who they were and how they lived? These questions divide students and scholars alike. While many believe the “Conquest” is only a fable, this book will present a different view. Using biblical materials and the new archaeological data, this title tells how the ancient Israelites settled in Canaan and became the people of Israel. The stakes for understanding the history of ancient Israel are high. The Old Testament tells us that Yahweh led the Hebrews into the land of Canaan and commanded them to drive its indigenous inhabitants out and settle in their place. This account has often served as justification for the possession of the land by the modern state of Israel. Archaeology is a “weapon” in the debate, used by both Israelis and Palestinians trying to write each other out of the historical narrative. This book provides needed background for the issues and will be of interest to those concerned with the complexity of Arab-Israeli relations.

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  • Early Church And Today 2


    The Early Church and Today is a collection of scholarly articles by an acclaimed specialist in early Christianity written for a broad audience. The topics taken from the New Testament and other early Christian literature are relevant for the church today. The articles are grouped in the following categories: Volume 1, church and ministry; Volume 2, Christian living, biblical interpretation, the restoration motif, religious liberty, and the book of Acts of the Apostles.

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  • New Testament : Its Background Growth And Content


    This text is a classic by one of America’s most widely respected New Testament scholars. It provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the New Testament. In a straightforward and understandable style–without distortion or oversimplification–Prof. Metzger closely examines the historical background and content of the New Testament and details the role of scribes and translators in handing the Scriptures down through the centuries. Utilizing the finest modern scholarship, Dr. Metzger looks at the people, societies, and events that produced the New Testament. Palestinian Judaism, Greco-Roman paganism, sources of our knowledge of Jesus Christ, essential aspects of Christ’s teaching, sources and chronology of the apostolic age, the work of Paul, the general letters, and the Book of Revelation are all clearly illuminated. The Second edition of this book added an appendix on the formation of the canon of the New Testament and the work of scribes. The third edition will represent a substantial update of the 1965 text based on the New Revised Standard Version. In addition to stylistic changes, the author updates the text regarding research on the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi tractates. This edition adds a glossary, 30 graphics and photos, and is resized to a larger 6×9 page.

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  • Reading The Apostolic Fathers


    The Apostolic Fathers are critically important texts for studying the first century of Christian history. Here a leading expert on the Apostolic Fathers offers an accessible, up-to-date introduction and companion to these diverse and fascinating materials. This work is easy to use and affordable yet offers a thorough overview for students and others approaching these writings for the first time. It explains the context and significance of each document and points to further reading. This new edition of a well-received text has been updated throughout and includes a new chapter on the fragments of Papias.

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  • Early Church And Today 1


    The Early Church and Today is a collection of scholarly articles by an acclaimed specialist in early Christianity written for a broad audience. The topics taken from the New Testament and other early Christian literature are relevant for the church today. The articles are grouped in the following categories: Volume 1, church and ministry; Volume 2, Christian living, biblical interpretation, the restoration motif, religious liberty, and the book of Acts of the Apostles.

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  • 13 Apostles : The Men Who Journeyed With Jesus


    In this engaging book, Kalas reveals a portrait of each apostle as a servant in ministry, a human being, and a unique individual. He draws from Scripture as well as historical writings and traditions. A chapter is also devoted to Mathias, the successor to Judas Iscariot.

    Each chapter features a key passage of Scripture. At the end of the book is a 16-page discussion guide.

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